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美国革命 American Revolution

2015-05-24 17:52 0人评论 次浏览
The American Revolution was not a sudden and violent overturning of the political and social framework, such as later occurred in France and Russia, when both were already independent nations. Significant changes were ushered in, but they were not breathtaking. What happened was accelerated evolution rather than outright revolution. During the conflict itself people went on working and praying, marrying and playing. Most of them were not seriously disturbed by the actual fighting, and many of the more isolated communities scarcely knew that a war was on.
America’s War of Independence heralded the birth of three modern nations. One was Canada, which received its first large influx of English-speaking population from the thousands of loyalists who fled there from the United States. Another was Australia, which became a penal colony now that America was no longer available for prisoners and debtors. The third newcomer-the United States-based itself squarely on republican principles.
Yet even the political overturn was not so revolutionary as one might suppose. In some states, notably Connecticut and Rhode Island, the war largely ratified a colonial self-rule already existing. British officials, everywhere ousted, were replaced by a home-grown governing class, which promptly sought a local substitute for king and Parliament.
 
美国革命不是一次突然和猛烈的政治和社会的框架,如以后发生时都已经是独立国家,在法国和俄罗斯,倾覆。迎来了重大的变化,但他们没有惊人的。发生了什么事,是进化的加速,而不是一场彻底的革命。在冲突期间,人们去工作和祈祷,结婚,玩耍。他们中的大多数没有严重扰乱实际战斗中,许多较闭塞的社区战争几乎一无所知。
美国独立战争宣布了三个现代国家的诞生。一个是加拿大,其英语为母语的人口的大量涌入,收到的数千人逃离有来自美国的忠诚。另一个是澳大利亚,成为刑事殖民地,现在,美国不再是囚犯和债务人。第三个美国基于本身正视共和原则。
然而,即使是政治上的颠覆并不如人们可能想象的那样具有革命性。在一些国家,特别是康涅狄格和罗德岛,战争基本上批准了殖民地的自治已经存在。英国官员,到处被赶下台,取代了家本土的统治阶级,及时寻求替代国王和议会的地方。
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